Soccer, also named as football or association football is one of the most popular games played all over the world. Two teams, each consisting of eleven players play soccer in the venue called football pitch or soccer pitch or field that is a rectangular field using a spherical ball.
Currently, the game is played in more than 200 countries by around 300 million players.
It might provoke your interest that where this world widely played the game was first invented. However, history shows the traces of soccer played in ancient China, Rome and Greece over many thousand years ago. The earliest known evidence of the game goes back to 1004 B.C. played in Japan. Also, some references trace it back to 50 B.C. in China. Similarly, Roman history shows strong evidence of the existence of soccer-like sport.
England is the country where a game of kicking and running was played since 18th century AD. Varying forms of soccer were played in public schools in the 19th century.
Place it was played first officially:
First recorded match available was played in England on December 19, 1863.
Women Soccer has the earliest evidence of match in the 1790s in Scotland, but the first recorded match available was played in 1892 in Glasgow by Scottish Football Association.
The Name “Soccer”:
The ball game or the kicking game was given the name of Soccer in the early 1880s in England. In many countries, this name has replaced the name of association football since then.
Certain variations of the game include football, gridiron football, Gaelic football, Rugby football; these are also known as football codes.
Men’s Soccer became the part of Olympics since 1990. In 1996 Olympics, women soccer was also included.
Rules and laws of the game:
Although it is all about kicking a ball and scoring a goal still, it abides by rules and regulations. The rules of the game were defined in 1863 in England by their Football Association.
There are officially 17 Laws of the Games put forth by FIFA and maintained by IFAB. Most of these are governed by the referee during the match.
- The game is played between two teams of 11 on field players excluding substitutes.
- A spherical ball is used of 69 cm circumference.
- The players other than goalkeepers cannot handle the ball deliberately with hands otherwise penalty is given to opponents.
- Each team has to score goals, the team with more goals wins.
- The players have to score goals by dribbling and passing the ball to their team member, the members of another team can try to regain it by tackling but physical contact is prohibited.
- Players have divided a strikers, defenders, midfielders and take a specific position, and this layout is known as a formation.
- In the case of misconduct, the referee can punish the player by showing yellow (caution) or red (dismissal) cards.
- Similarly, many other laws are included regarding the kit of the players, pitch, duration and tie breaking, penalties, ball in and out of play, etc.